Mackendrodt performed the first colonic resection for sigmoid endometriosis in 1909. Research has revealed that approximately 10 percent of menstruating women have endometriosis and up to 34 percent may have intestinal involvement.
Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy
When performing operative laparoscopy and using bipolar current to achieve hemostasis or desiccate vessels, there are a couple of simple techniques that can make the task easier for the surgeon. The first trick alleviates the frustration when one is attempting to desiccate either vessels or tissue with a bipolar instrument, and the instrument keeps sticking to the tissue and the char. Inevitably then when the surgeon attempts to remove the instrument or pull it from contact with the tissue, the seal is broken and the vessel or tissue begins bleeding again.
Laparoscopic hysterectomy is indeed promising, but it is not yet within the capability of most gynecologists. Further refinement in the technique is needed before it is ready for general endorsement.
Dr. Dubuisson stated that there is is a great demand from patients for minimally invasive surgery and it is important that the surgeon apply certain conditions to the selection of patients for successful treatment of leiomyomas by laparoscopy. Dr. Dubuisson said that the indications for a safe laparoscopic myomectomy include the following:
Fallopian tube prolapse as a complication of abdominal hysterectomy is a rare occurrence. A case with fallopian tube prolapse was managed by a combined vaginal and laparoscopic approach and description of the operative technique is presented.
A Randomised Controlled Trial to Assess the Efficacy of Laparoscopic Uterosacral Nerve Ablation (LUNA) in the Treatment of Chronic Pelvic Pain: The trial protocol [ISRCTN41196151]
The LUNA Trial Collaboration
Rectovaginal fistula (RVF) is an epithelium-lined communication between the rectum and vagina. Most RVFs are acquired, the most common cause being obstetric trauma. Most of the high RVFs are repaired by conventional open surgery. Laparoscopic repair of RVF is rare and so far only one report is available in the literature.
Laparoscopic myomectomy (LM) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure for the removal of uterine myomas. It was first described in the late 1970s by Semm. Subsequently, equipment has been developed to enhance the procedure. LM requires advanced laparoscopic skill and expertise in suturing and tissue removal. Laparoscopic assisted myomectomy (LAM), a procedure that combines operative laparoscopy and minilaparotomy, was described by Nezhat et al in 1994.
Excess absorption of liquid distending media is one of the most frequent complications of operative hysteroscopy. Although most women recover uneventfully, we are seeing cases of permanent morbidity or death resulting from this complications.
Endometriosis is one of the most common gynecologic disorders and is significantly more prevalent in the setting of infertility. The prevalence of endometriosis in infertile women ranges from 25% to 50% compared to 5% in fertile women. Successful laparoscopic management of all stages of endometriosis was reported as early as 1986. This has revolutionized the management of endometriosis. The benefits of surgical therapy for infertility associated with endometriosis have been well documented.