Objectives: To compare the efficiency of laparoscopic treatment versus conventional abdominal surgery in the treatment of ectopic pregnancy (EP) and to review the clinical presentation, evaluate methods of diagnosis, and identifying the risk factors.
Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy
60 obese infertile women (BMI >30) and 60 non-obese infertile women (BMI
Objective: To study the findings obtained by diagnostic laparoscopy in gynaecological problems in order to re-assess the role of laparoscopy in the diagnosis of gynaecological problems during the study period.
Laparoscopy, looking inside the abdomen through a tube placed through a small incision, is a procedure commonly used by gynecologists to diagnose and treat a number of medical conditions. Since the early 1900's when rudimentary laparoscopes were used to visualize, but not treat, abdominal diseases, advancements in this technique have led to the ability to perform complex surgical procedures through a few small incisions, rather than the larger incisions used in the past.
If we consider how the management of our patient's medical problems has changed throughout the years, it is easy to despair at the well-meaning intentions of our predecessors. Though we still cannot be complacent about many of the current treatment options for patients, a new era of evidence based practice as opposed to the intuitive based practice of former times has evolved. Evidence based practice is not a panacea, but it can provide us with an insight into the advantages and disadvantages of existing therapies, and expose their weaknesses thus encouraging further research.
Endometriosis is still poorly understood despite a high and still increasing publication rate of over 500 articles a year, i.e. 455 426, 448, 504 and 534 in the last 5 years respectively. It is considered to be one of the most important causes of pelvic pain and of infertility. The exact prevalence is not known since a laparoscopy is required to make the diagnosis and since the recognition varies with the training and the interest of the laparoscopist. Moreover the pathophysiology is poorly understood, which makes it difficult to formulate and test simple hypotheses.
Total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) has for me since 1996 completely replaced all abdominal hysterectomies, except when the uterus is bigger than 1 kilo. A series of larger uteri have been operated (my biggest was 1850 grams) but when a uterus is larger than 1 kilo it is preferable to discuss the surgery in detail with the patient beforehand.
Laparoscopy is now an option for many gynecological conditions. This overview discusses specific laparoscopic procedures and the conditions they treat.
The word Laparoscopy simply means visual examination of the abdomen by means of a laparoscope. Laparoscopy (often called "belly button surgery", endoscopy, or key hole surgery) is a surgical technique involving small incisions in the abdomen through which major surgical procedures can be performed. One of the incisions is made in the umbilicus ("belly button").
Laparoscopy has been steadily replacing laparotomy because the abdomen does not have to be opened up, resulting in faster recovery and reduction of complications. In laparoscopy, only three small incisions are made for the entry of a small camera and other instruments. Thus, the operation that is taking place inside the abdomen/pelvis can be viewed on a video screen placed next to the operating table.