Premenstrual dysphoric disorder lasts longer than originally thought and is associated with at least four significant symptoms, according to a new research published in the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Oral contraceptives have long been considered an option for relieving symptoms of dysmenorrhea, but a 2009 Cochrane review cast doubt on that claim. Now, a new study out of Sweden offers contradictory evidence.

The PAP smear is a screening test for detecting cancerous or precancerous changes of the cervix. The test was developed by Dr. George Papanicolaou in the 1940’s.

Who should have a Pap Smear?
Any woman who is sexually active or is at least 18 years old should have a Pap smear. Cervical cancer is most commonly caused by HPV (Human Papilloma Virus).

Painful sexual intercourse, called dyspareunia in medical terminology (pronounced "dis-pair-une-ee-ah"), is a common complaint among women seeking gynecologic care.

As we move along through this series of articles, try not be intimidated by "clinical" terms, such as 'personality disorder,' 'borderline,' 'sociopath,' etc. They are just words professionals have come to use in describing different technical aspects of mind and personality.

think it’s important to start with why we need new. When it’s I think clear for many of our subscribers and many clinicians that the methods that we already have are very effective, that despite having very effective methods, throughout Europe, United States and around the world we are still met with very high rates of unintended pregnancy.


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