The use of ice packs is an effective but nonstandard method of pain control after open abdominal surgery, and an experimental prolonged drug delivery system using nanotechnology is in the works.
CRPS may involve central and peripheral factors, the latter including an inflammatory process, peripheral sensitization, and changes in sodium channels.
Continuous infusion of the NSAID ketorolac, a powerful nonopioid analgesic, is a safe therapeutic option for the management of postoperative pain, concludes a double-blind randomized controlled trial.
Is epidural analgesia or combined spinal-epidural (CSE) analgesia better for pain management in labor?
Topical or intracervical 2% lidocaine gel applied before intrauterine device (IUD) insertion does not decrease pain scores, but there are other ways to lessen discomfort.
According to the findings of a new intervention review and meta-analysis, neither paracervical block with lidocaine nor conscious sedation significantly reduced overall pain scores for tubal sterilization with hysteroscopy.
Which pharmacological and nonpharmacological options are safe and effective in reducing pain during labor?